What’s Involved In Septic Tank Installation?

septic storage tankSeptic tanks are used in areas where waste water treatment system is not available. The main purpose of installing a septic tank is to treat waste water. Homeowners can decide to go for gravity fed systems or aerobic treatment units. In the aerobic treatment units, electric pump is used to move effluents from one treatment unit to the other. In the case of gravity fed, the waste matter is moved via the action of gravity. The process of installation and maintenance of septic tanks should be carried out by a highly qualified professional due to the risk involved.

What’s involved in septic tank installation?

  1. Excavation of a hole where the tank will be installed 

The tank will be installed underground so that the waste will not contaminate the environment. You will have professionals digging a hole in your preferred location where the septic tank will be installed. The contractor will come with a backhoe tractor for the excavation purposes. He will as well come with necessary tools required for the septic tank installation services. Some of the tools include PVC fittings, PVC glue, embedding material, PVC perforated pipe, dummy level and rod among other tools.

2. Compliance with state regulations

Different states will have regulations on the way the septic tanks should be installed. In order to avoid cases where you will contaminate the environment, you will have to invite a health inspectorate department officer to your site. The inspector will assess the location and offer you a permit upon proving that there will be no environmental pollution due to installing the septic tank. Once you obtain the permit, you can proceed and have the tank in place.

3. Set an aerobic tank in the dug hole

If you prefer gravity fed aerobic tank, then you need to dig the hole downhill where the waste from your sewer line will flow via gravity and enter the tank. The contractors will install the tank and test to affirm it is working well. This can involve testing the level so that they can confirm whether waste water will flow into the tank. If you prefer pump fed, then the professionals will install an eclectic pump which will drive the effluents into the aerobic tank.

4. Lay the piping

Waste water from your drain line will be directed to the septic tank via pipes. You need to have a professional install the pipes in such a way they will easily drain wastewater to the septic tank. The pipes should be fitted carefully to avoid cases where they will be affected by clean out chemicals during the operation of the septic tank.

5. Cover the pipes and septic tank

After you have installed the septic tank, then you will have to cover it up. Cover the piping as well. This is necessary for you to avoid cases where they will be burst due to animal activity in your home which can make spreading of sewer waste all over. The septic tank cover should be strong enough to avoid accidents in your home.


Thanks to our friends at Septic Tank Maintenance Franklin.

When to Replace your Septic Tank

septic tank that is being covered with dirt

A functioning septic tank is the most important part of your home drainage system. Regular maintenance is essential for the system to function properly. However, no matter how well you conduct maintenance, sometimes repairs are not enough. Septic tanks cannot last forever. Sometimes, they get old and just stop functioning well. At such times, you need to replace the septic tank. The following are some situations that call for a septic tank replacement.

Septic Tank failure

Septic tank failure refers to a tank that has stopped treating and distributing waste. How do you know if your septic tank has failed? Look out for the following;

1. Sewage backup
Are your sinks and bathroom drains draining slowly? Is raw sewage backing up in your toilet? This is a very serious situation that could cause a lot of health problems for occupants of your home. An effective septic tank is usually able to process any waste from your house. Backing up therefore indicates that the tank is aged and failing.

2. Contaminated water sources
Are there bacteria growing in your water sources especially wells? A well-functioning septic tank should be able to prevent waste from getting into any nearby water sources. Conducting a regular test of your water especially from wells will indicate if the tank is functioning. The test should look out for nitrates, bacteria as well as other contaminants. If there is a lake nearby, you will notice growing algae and lush greenery around the area. This could indicate contamination. Don’t let a failing septic tank pose a health risk to you and your family. Replace it now.

3. Flooded draining fields
Is there a mass of waste water standing near your draining fields and producing a putrid odor? A draining field is the area surrounding the septic tank. This area is a distance from your house and is designed to prevent flow of waste into your house. The septic tank should contain all waste water within it. If the tank is failing, waste water will start to overflow into the drain fields. When you examine the area, it will appear soggy and wet. Another indicator is the grass patch on the area will be greener than other patches. Solids in the draining fields also indicate septic failure.

Replacing a septic tank can be an expensive affair. However, if your system is failing, it could make the difference between good and poor health. Are you experiencing any of the conditions named above? Don’t hesitate to replace that tank.

Things You Must Know about Septic Tank Maintenance

Septic Tank DiagramIt’s the duty of every homeowner to keep their septic tank clean and tidy. This article will educate you about different aspects of septic tank maintenance and tell you why it’s so important to keep these tanks clean.

What is septic tank maintenance?
It’s a procedure that involves annual inspection of the septic tank, pumping once in every three to five years or based on the results of the annual inspection, and ensuring that you are not flushing items that will not decompose.
A well-maintained and healthy septic tank would be home to a certain percentage of anaerobic bacteria relative to different non-biodegradable materials for ensuring that waste products from your household get broken down. Maintenance of septic tank, when done with the right chemicals and equipment, would never allow the scum layer and sludge layer to become too thick.
How to do septic tank maintenance?
According to septic professionals, it’s extremely important to carry out pumping for keeping septic tanks in good shape. However, this procedure doesn’t need to be conducted frequently. Experts suggest that a tank usually needs to be pumped once in every three to five years. You should, however, carry out tank inspection every year for finding out whether the time of pumping has arrived. You can perform the inspection yourself or seek professional help for the same; the process should include the following steps:
Step 1: You will have to begin by locating the tank. These tanks mostly remain buried. So, if you are not sure about its exact location, consult the property map (you’ll get it at the county office). Once you find the location, excavate for reaching the tank cover.

Step 2: Next, remove the cover and insert a long stick (it would be long enough for reaching the tank’s bottom) through the opening.

Pull the stick out and check it to determine the existing sludge level. Ideally, the sludge level shouldn’t be more than one-third of that of the tank’s height. If it has surpassed the above mentioned level, you should prepare for a septic tank cleanout and call professionals for getting it pumped.

Step 3: Inspect the drainfield for unusually abundant vegetation and standing water; these are common indicators of poor processing within the tank and can also be signs of ruptured baffles.

Other than regular inspection and occasional pumping, the process of septic tank maintenance should also include being careful about what you are flushing. You should try your best to not flush anything that would not decompose. Some of the items you should avoid flushing include oils, paints, waxes, plastics, metals, pharmaceuticals, cat litter, coffee grounds, and cigarette butts. Ideally, your aim should be not flushing anything other than toilet paper and wastewater.

Why septic tank maintenance is important?
You must keep your septic tank clean and healthy for the following reasons: If you don’t do so, you may end up polluting the water of the entire community. Pollutants released from clogged tanks can damage the quality of water in the nearby streams and lakes.
Clogged septic tanks will impair your home’s health and safety.
If not cleaned at the right time, clogged tanks might make you spend big amounts for being restored.